Summer Break is starting, and although everyone needs to refresh, this break is a perfect time to work on career planning. Despite students having this free time, I keep meeting with undergrads (often in their junior and senior years) after the summer who have wasted their summer months and done absolutely nothing with regard to career planning Of course, these students have made a major mistake that typically leads to a great deal of anxiety and frustration with each passing day.
What should students be doing during the summer? Before anything, they need to get a better handle on the idea that career planning: (a) starts sooner versus later (e.g., immediately upon entering college); and (b) requires a lot of time and effort. In some ways career planning is a never-ending process until one really gets immersed in a career path (e.g., attends graduate school). It is unclear whether these individuals thought a career was going to be thrown into their laps.
Once a person gets a clue that career planning is a process that requires a lot of time and effort, they need to get off their butt (you heard me right!) and be an active participant in their career planning. There are people who can help with career planning, like Professors and careers counselors, but the real nitty-gritty of career planning requires a person to move forward on their own. In my mind, one can active in their career planning by navigating a series of “steps”. Keep in mind that these steps are not necessarily sequential, they can occur during the school year and in the summer, and they can definitely overlap. Here we go:
(1) Take certain courses
Whether you are taking formal courses on a college campus, or completing online courses, there are certain courses you should consider that go well beyond typical introductory courses, and that will group together based on your career direction. For example, someone focused on a career in mental health may select courses like Personality, Abnormal Psychology and Child Psychopathology. However, someone with an interest in Law may select Forensic Psychology and other law-related courses in other majors (e.g., Political Science, Criminology). I should note that if you plan on going to graduate school or professional school the selection committees will also like to see that you took challenging courses (e.g., math and science courses).
(2) Do well in your courses
Whether it is a graduate school or job, selection committees want to see good grades. It’s pretty simple, if you were choosing someone, who would you pick, the person with the higher or lower GPA. Remember that your record is evaluated on a number of grading dimensions: grades in certain courses, overall GPA, GPA in your major, GPA in your minor (if you have one), last two years in college GPA, and maintaining a high GPA from your freshman year on. I will add that if you do not get an A or B in a course you should probably repeat the course, especially if it was a course in your major.
(3) Don’t just go to class
It is important that you highlight your motivation and interest in whatever you hope to have a career. One way you can do this in college is to get involved in research, whatever your major. I can hear some of you now arguing that research is not what you want to do. The key is that getting involved in research (not even in the exact area as your main interest) shows you are motivated and interested in a specific area. Getting involved in research can also possibly increase your GPA if your research is part of a course. Finally, by conducting research you get to know a faculty member who can write you a strong letter of recommendation when you are ready to apply to graduate school or for a job.
Other ways to get involved in activities outside of the classroom are through an internship, involvement in extracurricular activities (e.g., volunteering), joining an organization tied in to your interest area, and/or work experience related to your area of interest.
(4) Develop critical skills
Whatever career path you take will require you to have critical skills over and above your general knowledge. It will be important for you to develop skills in computers, writing, and oral communication that will supplement what you already know. Such skills are invaluable for whatever you do in the future. Start developing these skills right away!
(5) Visit the Career Center
If you are on a college campus, is there a Career Center? Do you know where it is located? Have you ever visited the Career Center? For most students, it is sad to say that the answer is probably “no” to all of these questions. But, the Career Center is a definite place you should visit—probably more than once. The professional staff at a career center can help you write a resume, give you advice on cover letters and personal statements, and offer an amazing array of resources on career issues like internship possibilities, job openings, entrance exams, and graduate and professional schools. In most cases, you pay for the Career Center—use it!
(6) Get on the Internet
We all know that the Internet is our friend. In the case of career planning, it is can be your best friend. There is simply so much information on the Internet that you should be spending a significant amount time searching out career-related information. First, you can read through various online career sites. Of course, I will plug my own site if you are a Psychology major (scoutiescareersinpsychology.org), because I think it can be really helpful. Of course, there are a variety of other online sites for other majors, but be wary of sites that emphasize a lot of for-profit schools. Second, there are government sites that give a lot of information on various career paths—one great site is the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Second, every school that has a graduate/professional degree program will have a site. Third, a lot of good sites exist about preparing for entrance exams (GRE, LSAT, MCAT, etc.). These exams are not to be taken lightly, and can be the difference between getting accepted or not accepted to a school. One last thought on searching the Internet. Make sure you take your time searching–do not think you will accomplish everything in an afternoon. There is a lot of information you will have to read through, so plan accordingly.
(7) Interact with Professors (if in college) or your boss (if working)
To move forward with your career requires having the support of superiors. Gaining this support will require your superiors to actually know you. Think about it, how can your Professor or your boss write you a letter of recommendation unless they know something about you. Thus, start interacting with your superiors. Talk to them. For example, you might make a contribution in class or just visit your Professor during office hours and have a conversation about issues in their field of study. These interactions can lead to certain jobs, hearing about job openings, and (of course) a letter of recommendation. I know it might be tough talking to a superior, but it is really important to get over your fear and interact. You’ll be surprised how easy it is, and you will reap the benefits.
Now that you know the things that you should be doing, I hope you will start moving forward with your career plans. Again, I know you just want to have fun during the summer, but is an ideal time to get started planning for the future—your future!
Please note that the comments of Dr. Golding and the others who post on this blog express their own opinion and not that of the University of Kentucky.